Learn more about a few of the intriguing artifacts in the WDM Collection.
Featured Artifact Articles:
Wallpaper to Decorate your Home
Are you re-decorating your home or interested in the styles of the 1930, 1940s or 1950s? Why not look through wallpaper catalogues for ideas? The Library of the Western Development Museum has a few wallpaper catalogues for you to examine.
Wheat Straw Weaving
Straw weaving came to the Canadian prairies in the hearts and hands of those who immigrated in the early years of the 20th century. It was taught and practiced into the 1940s and then disappeared as technology after the Second World War modernized life on prairie farms. In the 1970s the Western Development Museum revived the traditional skill through demonstrations and classes.
Celebrating 100 Years
In 2005, the province marked its centennial with festivities and fireworks, pancake breakfasts and parades. Over the next few years, dozens of communities, large and small, called people home to celebrate their 100th anniversaries.
From Dominion Day to Canada Day
Celebrate Canada History Week
July 1 - 7, 2013
July 1, Canadians from coast to coast to coast celebrate the July 1, 1867
signing of the British North America Act that created Canada.
See how Saskatchewan has celebrated through the years -->
Five Milestones that Changed the Way We Use the Telephone
we make local telephone calls in SK will change this week with the
introduction of 10-digit dialing and a new area code (639). It isn’t
the first time that the way we make telephone calls has changed.
Check out Five Saskatchewan telephone milestones -->
Seventy years ago, Karl Lorch took his first "snowplane" for a spin
around Spy Hill, Sask. and created a Canadian legend.
Karl Lorch owned a garage in Spy Hill, Sask., 200 km east of Regina. He wanted to build a machine that would replace the horse and cutter during winter months. He secured a patent for the machines in 1935, and set up a manufacturing plant in Spy Hill.
Find out more about Lorch Snowplanes -->
Farmer Invention Led to Combine
August and Ole Hovland's threshing machines may have revolutionized farming, but when it came to getting credit for their inventions, they missed the harvest. Today's descendant of the Hovland brothers' "central delivery reaper" is the swather. The Hovland's other creation, the "travelling thresher", evolved into today's combine.
Bertrand Brown Collection
The Bertrand Brown collection of photographs is the latest WDM
collection to be digitized and added to the
Saskatchewan History Online (SHO)
Bertrand Gavin Brown was born in 1908 in Saskatoon, SK. His father, David Brown homesteaded in the Glenhurst district about six miles north of Bounty, SK. The family moved to the homestead soon after Bertrand was born.
Read more about the Bertrand Brown Collection -->
Memorial Cup and Hockey History at the WDM
Did you know
that Junior hockey’s Memorial Cup was first played in 1919 with the
Regina Pats taking on the University of Toronto? Though the Pats lost
that year, the team won bragging rights as the winner of the 1925 Cup
and again in 1930.
Find out more about Saskatchewan hockey history -->
Saskatchewan Fashion Week 2013:
Fashions by Phyllis Baker Online Exhibit
selected designs from Phyllis Baker’s Just Looking...Thank You
exhibit of art clothing that toured the province in the 1990s side-by-side
with the sketches she worked from.
See Fashions by Phyllis Baker -->
Saskatchewan Fashion Week 2013:
Fashion in the 1920s
devastating loss of eight million men in the First World War had a
significant impact on the 1920s. With so many young men killed, youth
was at a premium.
See 1920s dresses from the
WDM Collection -->
Car Restoration Set to Begin
The Saskatoon Antique Auto Club and the WDM are pleased to announce a new partnership, the restoration of a 1927 Derby car. The restoration will be completed in 2014 as a SAAC 50th anniversary project
Saskatchewan Innovations Online Exhibit
Features seven Saskatchewan Innovations and their stories, including the Cobalt-60 Unit, Morris Rod Weeder, Symons Oiler, and the Flexicoil Packer.
Saskatchewan Patent Database
Search through all patents filed by Saskatchewan inventors from 1905-1976.
Sask. and the Sisters of Service
There is little trace of the once flourishing community of Sinnett. Its story it told by the Sisters of Service Archives in Toronto. The Sisters recently donated a 1960s grey dress and hat to the WDM and generously offered to share photographs that document their stay in Sinnett.
Marks 100th Anniversary of Regina Tornado
One witness recalled, "a wagon which was standing in front of the hotel was blown completely on top of the heavy draft horse which was attached to it and the two were carried down the street."
A New Machine: The Discer
Discers evolved from the old one-ways, disc plows and disc harrows. A discer left more trash cover, did not leave the ridging that farmers found objectionable and, because it required less power to pull, could be built bigger.
Six shiny new streetcars set out on the inaugural run of the Saskatoon Municipal Railway (SMR) on January 1, 1913. SMR #12 is the only surviving car from the original fleet. In fact, very few streetcars of this period have survived anywhere in Canada.
the Phoenix Rising from the Ashes...Phoenix Centiped Log Hauler
The Phoenix Centiped is a Shay-style locomotive mounted on endless tracks. It was made to haul seven to eighteen heavily loaded logging sleighs over snow or ice roads. Each Centiped was outfitted with a set of skis on the front. The 100 horsepower four-cylinder engine operated at 200 pounds of steam per square inch.
Bear Comes Home
The journey took 92 years, but the beloved green teddy bear given to three-year-old Sybil Farris at the Saskatoon Canadian Pacific Railway station on April 24, 1920 is home at last.
Celebrating the Saskatchewan Legislative Building
The Province of Saskatchewan was only four years old when the corner stone was laid for the Legislative Building in Regina on October 4, 1909. The WDM collection contains a cushion cover made from approx. 40 silk ribbons given to visitors who attended the official event..
Victor Humeniuk and his girlfriend lived an ocean apart for most of their lives, but two carvings in their likeness now sit side by side.
“They tell a story of separation, of moving to a new country and leaving loved ones behind,” Bitner stated.
The carvings were separated before Humeniuk’s death when he gave the male form to neighbours. Find out how the two carvings were reunited by clicking the link above.
Fly Like a Bird...
Ralph Vallevand of Elbow, Saskatchewan dreamed of flying like a bird. In true pioneer spirit, he set about to build a machine that would make his dream a reality.
Marks 100th Anniversary of Titanic Tragedy
A Titanic memorabilia industry "rapidly got into gear" after the disaster. One of those items, a napkin produced by the Palantine Printing Company, Lancashire, made its way into the WDM collection in 1990.
“The only horse in the world you have to choke to start”. Blowtorch, a life size mechanical horse, was the pet project and creation of W.J. McIntyre, a Swift Current, Saskatchewan inventor.
a Prairie Attic: Bladon Family Toys
The WDM acquired more than 1700 artifacts from the Bladon home in addition to farm machinery company pamphlets and advertising materials. The real treasure, however, was toys.
Ambulance Service Makes Aviation History
The Saskatchewan Air Ambulance Service (SAAS) was the first non-military, government-operated air ambulance service in the world.
pioneered air ambulance service
The Norseman CF-SAM plane helped save Saskatchewan lives in the 1940s, but 30 years later, it was the one needing rescue.
Pounds of Steel
American-Abell Steam Traction Engine
The giant American-Abell “Cock of the North” 32-120 HP steam traction engine dominates the railway and machinery line-up scene in Winning the Prairie Gamble: Farm Life in Saskatchewan at the Saskatoon WDM.
An Unconventional Design
The Gray Tractor Company of Minneapolis, Minnesota was one of dozens of companies trying to make it big in the tractor business in the teens and 1920s. What set the Gray apart from its competitors was the large drum which took the place of rear wheels.
It was not by southern prairie trails that the first Europeans ventured into the vast wilderness of western Canada–it was the great northern rivers that brought adventurers and fur traders to the interior of the continent.
Computer a Pioneer in Canadian Industry
In 1961, Canadians designed a computer that was years ahead of its competitors, but the success of the Ferranti-Packard 6000 was cut short when the British government pulled the plug.
1955 ushered in a year of celebration as Saskatchewan marked 50 years as a province. And what a celebration it was. Hundreds of events in communities large and small paid tribute to the pioneers who settled Saskatchewan.
Talk: The Bull Dog Line
Avery Undermounted Steam Engine
Out of the Avery Company plant at Peoria, Illinois came one of the most unusual traction engines of the day. The famous undermounted engine, looking more like a railway locomotive than a conventional steam traction engine, attracted a lot of attention when it hit the agricultural market in the early 20th century.
Bates Steel Mule, A ‘Mechanical Horse’
The Bates Steel Mule is one of the most unusual tractors in the Western Development Museum collection. Just about everyone who sees it wonders how it worked. Unlike other tractors of its day, the Steel Mule had no seat.
Everyone said it couldn't be done, but Charles Bedaux tried anyway, and the result was the legendary Bedaux Subarctic Expedition of 1934.
The Big Four was a big tractor. Named for its massive four-cylinder engine, the Big Four traces its family history to the first years of the twentieth century when D.M. Hartsough, one of the fledging tractor industry's pioneer innovators, experimented with a multi-cylinder engine.
Bull with the Pull
During the second decade of the 20th century, the giant gas tractors that rumbled across the prairies were just beginning to give way to their smaller, cheaper and easier to handle counterparts. The small to medium size tractor market was heating up and the Bull Tractor Company, like dozens of others, wanted a piece of the action.
Calliope One of the Last of its Kind
For the past 20 years, the whistles of the Western Development Museum calliope have been a familiar sound to Saskatchewan parade-goers. But the steam organ in the candy-apple red wagon is one of the last of its kind.
Power All the Time! First in the Field with NEW and REVOLUTIONARY “Live” Power
The concept of a “power take-off which would continue running when the forward motion of the tractor stopped”3 was put forward by the designers. The people at Wisconsin took up the idea, and together with Cockshutt engineers, built the first tractor equipped with live power take-off.
Comfortractor an idea before its time
The name said it all: The 1938 Minneapolis-Moline fortractor pioneered the convenience and safety features that are now standard in farm tractors. Its only drawback? The Comfortractor arrived 30 years too soon.
of its Time: Minneapolis-Moline UDLX Comfortractor
Minneapolis-Moline designed its new tractor for the comfort and safety of the operator. The Comfortactor boasted at least six tractor industry firsts: enclosed cab, heater, cigar lighter, windshield wipers, clock and radio
Home to Saskatchewan Part 3:
Fred Dalby's Model Steam Engine
History-minded donors who have long since left the province sometimes take the time and trouble to return to the province artifacts which have their roots in Saskatchewan. In Part Three of this series, a model steam engine in the WDM collection is the work of Saskatchewan pioneer Fred Dalby. The engine “came home” in 1997.
Home to Saskatchewan Part 2: William Cowie's Saddle and Jacket
History-minded donors who have long since left the province sometimes take the time and trouble to return to the province artifacts which have their roots in Saskatchewan. Part Two of this three part series highlights the travels of a Depression era saddle and jacket.
Home to Saskatchewan
Part 1: Moose Jaw Red Cross Quilt
History-minded donors who have long since left the province sometimes take the time and trouble to return to the province artifacts which have their roots in Saskatchewan.Part One tells the story of a quilt made by the Canadian Red Cross during World War Two and its journey across the ocean and back.
Power and the Dynamometer
May 9, 2011
To prove the value of horses, the Horse Association of America encouraged horse-pulling competitions in the United States and Canada. Special equipment was needed to measure the drawbar pull of competing teams. University of Saskatchewan professor Evan Hardy designed and built a dynamometer, as the machines were called, in 1924.
Liverpool, and Lloydminster - Barr Colonists
In 1903, twenty-three year old Frank Hembrow Smith of London, England was reading a newspaper on his way to work at a local shipbuilding company. A letter in the newspaper caught his eye- it extolled the opportunities that awaited in the Canadian northwest. Like many young men at the time, he was hooked, lured by the promise of adventure.
the Man Who Owns One: Geiser Manufacturing Company
Back in the early 1850s, Peter Geiser of Smithburg, Maryland made history when he built his first thresher. Some say he was the inventor of the threshing machine and his name should be as familiar as John Deere’s or Cyrus McCormick’s of reaper fame.
Steam Ahead: Steam Power at the WDM
More than 60 years ago, the founders of Saskatchewan’s Western Development Museum were motivated by a mission to save early steam engines and gas tractors from the scrap heap. The WDM steam collection is distributed throughout its four museums and Curatorial Centre in Saskatchewan. Many examples are on exhibit, others are operated annually in summer shows, while others are currently in storage. The collection is enhanced by a library collection of original manuals, parts lists and machine company catalogues dating to the 1880s.
Last Best West:
Homes for Millions
They came by the thousands to Western Canada, seeking opportunity and a better life in a new “promised land.” The Canadian government in the late 19th and early 20th century was anxious to populate the west with farmers and business people who would contribute to the national economy by developing the vast resources of the West. A settled west would also solidify Canada’s claim to sovereignty over the northwest.
of the Prairies: The Marshall Tractor
British tractor maker Marshall, Sons & Company had its eye on the lucrative Canadian market early in the 20th century. Marshall introduced its first tractor in 1907. Titled "Dreadnaughts of the Prairies" the company promoted its "British Colonial Tractors" with the slogan, "Built like a Battleship-Runs Like a Watch." Marshall tractors were "guaranteed of finest material and best workmanship."
New for the 19th Century:
Steam power revolutionized life in the 19th century. Its application to industry and transportation transformed society on both sides of the Atlantic. Portable steam engines provided the first non-animal source of power on the farm.
Mighty Pioneer - Pioneer 30-60 HP Tractor
The 30 was a big tractor, weighing 23,000 pounds. The drive wheels were 96 inches in diameter. It could pull an eight to ten bottom plow through tough, prairie sod or power a 36 inch cylinder threshing machine making it ideal for custom work.
Joins the Tractor Revolution
Massey-Harris was a late-comer to the tractor business. The Western Development Museum is fortunate to have acquired a Massey-Harris No. 2, 12-22 HP, in 1957. It is believed that of the 400-500 originally produced, no more than a handful remain.
Tractor Fills a Universal Need
The Manitoba Universal
One of the rarest tractors in the Saskatchewan Western Development Museum collection came out of Winnipeg about 1915. The Manitoba Universal Farm Tractor was one of a small handful of tractors manufactured in Western Canada.
Thoroughly Canadian Car
Made Up to a Standard, Not Down to a Price
In 1905, the Russell car made its debut. Built by Canada Cycle and Motor Company (CCM), was the first truly successful Canadian automobile.
WDM’s Oldest Gas Tractor
Saunderson Universal Motor Type A
What do Pioneer Settlement in Swan Hill, Victoria, Australia and the Western Development Museum in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada have in common? These museums boast the only two Saunderson Universal Motor Type A tractors known to exist anywhere in the world.
Twin City 60: Monster
The WDM is the proud owner of a very rare Twin City 60, acquired in the late 1950s. Few, if any, other examples of this tractor are known to have survived.